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    Article summary

    A prompt is a short text phrase that the Midjourney Bot interprets to produce an image. The Midjourney Bot breaks down the words and phrases in a prompt into smaller pieces, called tokens, that are compared to its training data and then used to generate an image. A well-crafted prompt can help make unique and exciting images.

    Basic Prompts

    A basic prompt can be as simple as a single word, phrase or emoji 😊.

    Image showing the Midjourney prompt structure.

    Prompting Tip!

    The Midjourney Bot works best with simple, short phrases that describe what you want to see. Avoid long lists of requests and instructions. Instead of: Show me a picture of lots of blooming California poppies, make them bright, vibrant orange, and draw them in an illustrated style with colored pencils Try: Bright orange California poppies drawn with colored pencils

    Advanced Prompts

    More advanced prompts can include one or more image URLs, multiple text phrases, and one or more parameters

    Image showing the Midjourney prompt structure.

    Image Prompts

    Image URLs can be added to a prompt to influence the style and content of the finished result. Image URLs always go at the front of a prompt.

    Read more about Image Prompts

    Text Prompt

    The text description of what image you want to generate. See below for prompting information and tips. Well-written prompts help generate amazing images.


    Parameters change how an image generates. Parameters can change aspect ratios, models, upscalers, and lots more. Parameters go at the end of the prompt.

    Read more about Parameters

    Prompting Notes

    Word Choice

    Word choice matters. More specific synonyms work better in many circumstances. Instead of big, try tiny, huge, gigantic, enormous, or immense.

    Plural words and Collective Nouns

    Plural words leave a lot to chance. Try specific numbers. "Three cats" is more specific than "cats." Collective nouns also work, “flock of birds” instead of "birds.”

    Focus on What You Want

    It is better to describe what you want instead of what you don’t want. If you ask for a party with “no cake,” your image will probably include a cake. To ensure an object is not in the final image, try advanced prompting using the --no parameter.

    Prompt Length and Details

    Prompts can be simple. A single word or emoji will work. However, short prompts rely on Midjourney’s default style, allowing it to fill in any unspecified details creatively. Include any element that is important to you in your prompt. Fewer details means more variety but less control.

    Try to be clear about any context or details that are important to you. Think about:

    • Subject: person, animal, character, location, object
    • Medium: photo, painting, illustration, sculpture, doodle, tapestry
    • Environment: indoors, outdoors, on the moon, underwater, in the city
    • Lighting: soft, ambient, overcast, neon, studio lights
    • Color: vibrant, muted, bright, monochromatic, colorful, black and white, pastel
    • Mood: sedate, calm, raucous, energetic
    • Composition: portrait, headshot, closeup, birds-eye view